December 1, 2021

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Nyuma y’imyaka 20 urupfu rwa Laurent Désiré Kabila ruracyari amayobera

YASUWE 114 

Ku ya 16 Mutarama 2001, Laurent-Désiré Kabila, Perezida wa Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo (DRC), yiciwe mu rugo rwe i Kinshasa n’umwe mu bamurindaga. Rashidi Mizele Kasereka, uwakoze ayo masasu, yarashwe na Eddy Kapend, umufasha wa perezida Kabila-de-camp.

Mu 2003, urukiko rwa gisirikare rwamaganye abantu bagera kuri makumyabiri bapfa, barimo Eddy Kapend, kubera “uburangare” mu kurinda perezida. Igihano cyabo amaherezo kizahindurwa igihano cyo gufungwa burundu. Ariko uru rubanza rwihuse ntirwasubije ibibazo byose kandi, nyuma yimyaka makumyabiri ibyabaye, kugeza ubu ntiharamenyekana abaterankunga nyabo b’ubwo bwicanyi.

Mu ntangiriro z’umwaka wa 2001, kadogos, aba basirikare b’abana bari baherekeje Laurent-Désiré Kabila mu rugendo rwe rwatsinze i Kinshasa mu myaka ine ishize, barinubira kubura umujyanama wabo, Anselme Masasu, perezida yari amaze kwica. Rashidi na bagenzi be, bari muri aba kadogos, baba bashaka kwihorera Masasu bica Kabila. Nibisobanuro byemewe.

Abandi bavuga ku kwihorera k’umucuruzi wo muri Libani, Bilal Héritier, wirukanwe ku isoko rya diyama na Kabila. Nk’uko byatangajwe n’umunyamakuru Arnaud Zajtman wakoze filime documentaire ivuga ku iyicwa rya perezida wa Kongo, Héritier ngo yaba yarahaye kadogos ibikoresho by’ubwo bwicanyi mbere yo guhungira mu burasirazuba bw’igihugu, mu karere k’inyeshyamba.

RTBF yanditse ko muri kiriya gihe, Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo yagabanijwe n’umurongo w’imbere watandukanyaga iburasirazuba ugana iburengerazuba. Iburasirazuba byigaruriwe n’inyeshyamba zishyigikiwe n’u Rwanda na Uganda, abo bafatanyabikorwa bombi bari bafashije Laurent-Désiré Kabila guhirika Marshal Mobutu hanyuma bakamuhindukira. Uburengerazuba bwategekwaga na Kabila hamwe n’inshuti ze nshya za Angola na Zimbabwe. Hamwe n’umutwe w’inyeshyamba zishyigikiye u Rwanda, RCD-Goma, ni bwo Bilal Héritier yahungiye nyuma y’iyicwa rya Kabila.

Ubwo Perezida Laurent-Désiré Kabila yashyingurwaga

Ariko dukwiye kubona ukuboko kwa Kigali mu rupfu rwa perezida wa congo? Nta kimenyetso kibyemeza. Ariko mu iperereza rye, Arnaud Zajtman agaragaza ko mu ijoro ry’ubwicanyi, umwe mu bashinzwe umutekano w’u Rwanda bivugwa ko yabwiye umudipolomate w’Ubwongereza ati: “Abagabo bacu ni bo babikoze.”

Nta nubwo hari ibimenyetso byerekana uruhare rw’iburengerazuba mu iyicwa rya Laurent-Désiré Kabila kugeza ubu. Colette Braeckman, inzobere muri Afurika yo hagati mu kinyamakuru Le Soir, yibuka ati: “Ariko ku Banyaburengerazuba, byaragaragaye ko Kabila atari umuntu ukwiye mu mwanya ukwiye. Yafatwaga nk’ubwibone kandi cyane cyane yigenga. Ibyiyumvo rusange. bukeye bwaho apfuye, byari “riddance nziza!”.

Laurent-Désiré Kabila yigaragaje nk’umuragwa w’ingengabitekerezo wa Patrice Lumumba, umunyagihugu ukunda igihugu wiyemeje gushyira ubutunzi bwa Kongo mu mirimo y’abaturage ba Kongo. Ariko uyu mushinga wari uhuye n’ubushake bw’abawugejeje ku butegetsi, u Rwanda, Uganda ndetse n’abashoramari mpuzamahanga bose bareba ubukungu bw’igihugu mu bucukuzi bw’amabuye y’agaciro. Colette Braeckman yibuka ati: “Ntabwo twari tuzi igihe inkuba izagwa, ariko byanditswe ko bigwa. Yagombaga gupfa.”